After the stage of definition of the BIOXPARC model comes the concrete implementation phase. Today, there are several types of BIOXPARC accommodating different functions that are distinct, similar or complementary.
It is not rare to see in one country several entities that define themselves as “Bio Tech Park”, operate in a coherent framework notably when this derives from a strategic approach. But more often, Bio Tech Park initiatives are operated in a non coordinated manner against the backdrop of hidden rivalry among administrative bodies with results that are unproductive for the country.
On the other hand, operation architectures are often dependent on power relations and can be heavy, costly and, non efficient.
3.3. BIOXPARC models
This Guide deals with the issue related to the typology of BIOXPARCs by laying emphasis on the need for each country to always ensure consistency and coordination of BIOXPARC operations.
Based on observation and the analysis of Research Park existing world-wide, there are three (4) categories of standard modules “BIOXPARC”:
a. BIOXPARC – Hub:
- Administration Department
- Service and Supply Dept
- Financial investors
- Institutional Office
b. BIOXPARC – Lab:
- Laboratory Research
c. BIOXPARC - Prod:
- Industrial Park
d. BIOXPARC – Host:
- Restaurant - Hotel – Meeting facilities - library
- Private /Public Institut (University Campus)
These four categories seem distinct but they can integrate perfectly to one another.
3.4. BIOXPARC Architecture
Due to the rapid evolution of technologies during the last decade and the exponential rise in the possibilities of research’s approach, it is recommended to build a BIOXPARC architecture based on constraints of the existing environment or pre-existing solution.
Buildings of BIOXPARC, are manufactured in compliance with international standards, and using the most modern building technologies.
The Standard buildings are modular, made of steel, glass, completely disassembled for easy transport and quick installation anywhere in the world.
It is certified “green buildings”, completely self-sufficient from the energy point of view and does not require special skills for installation.
Standard modules are equipped with different technologies to meet the specific needs, which can easily be combined to form highly qualified and efficient structures.
3.5. Build Green
Besides the guide itself, the business will be able to take advantage of expertise provided by the BIOXPARC as well as a broad network of “green building “professionals.
Among the advantages in green building are the following:
· important energy consumption reduction from 25 to 50 %;
· increased protection of ecosystems and a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs);
· productivity increase from 5 to 15% (better lighting and ventilation, natural lighting);
· lower maintenance costs, less toxic, more flexible and durable;
· Water consumption reduction from 30 to 50 %;
· Cost reduction related to waste from 50 to 90 %.