The planned intercropping agro-forestry system will assure a proper management of trees in cultivated lands allowing the carbon storage by plants biomass and soils, consequently providing a contribution to the greenhouse effect mitigation and the reversal of soil degradation trend.
In according to the soil profile and prevailing agroclimatic conditions, Jatropha Curcas and Aloe Vera can be combined with other suitable species, comprising the agricultural, horticultural, herbs, end pastoral components to result in a ecologically viable, economically profitable and socially acceptable agroforesty system.
By evolving, promoting and adopting Jatropha Curcas/Aloe Vera based intercropping systems it is possible to improve the socioeconomic conditions in rural areas and transform the national energy scenario and the ecological landscape.
The aims of this project are:
- The sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2) through the nurturing of Jatropha Curcas.
- The regeneration of degraded soils, protecting them against erosion processes and saving existing carbon stocks.
- The empowerment of local communities to develop sustainable agro-forestry practices.
- The local production of biodiesel and flour from Jatropha Curcas seeds
- Reduction in the outlay for fertilizers
- Production biomass energy
- Photovoltaic Greenhouse
Here below is anyhow listed the synthesis of environmental benefits of the project:
a. Reduction of soil erosion. Jatropha Curcas has proven effective in reducing the erosion of soil by rainwater and wind. The taproot anchors the plant in the ground while the profusion of lateral and adventitious roots near the surface both binds the soil and keeps it from being washed out by heavy rains. Moreover, by lessing wind velocity it also reduce the wind erosion. It improves rainwater seepage especially when planted in lines to form contour bunds. However, these anti-erosion effects are limited by dry season leaf drop. This can be ameliorated by growing drought-resistant ground cover in the agro-forestry system.
b. Degraded land rehabilitation. Jatropha Curcas acts as a nutrient pump, the taproots are able to extract minerals that have leached down through the soil profile and then return them to the surface through leaf fall, fruit debris and other organic remains.
c. Increase of soil organic matter. Thanks to leaves senescence, pruning, fruit coats and presscake the organic matter is expected to increase. This will lead to an improvement of soil aggregation and soil stability increasing the overall resilience of the ecosystem. The intercropped food crops will benefit of a natural protection against grazing, natural phytoprotective action against pests and pathogens.
d. Introduction and adoption of agricultural sustainable practices.
e. Decreased occurrence of natural fires due to improved land management.
f. Fight against Climate Change and Global Warming. The sustainable development of bioenergy crops and the upcoming production of vegetable oil to be used as substitute of fossil fuel will have a positive impact on GHGs emissions. This fully responds to environmental and energy priorities of Morocco, EU and UNFCCC’ Convention of Parties (CoPs).
The project will be a Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) project within the sectoral scope of Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) and category Afforestation, Reforestation and Revegetation (ARR). The project will be a grouped project comprising a set of grouped project activity instances.